Scaling and root planning (SRP) are non-surgical weapons in the periodontist’s arsenal for fighting gum disease. A periodontist is a dental specialist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the gums when there is gum disease like gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) develops when oral hygiene is inadequate or lacking, leading to the formation of dental plaque on gums and teeth. Plaque has a high concentration of bacteria that causes local irritation and inflammation of the gum tissues.
Gum disease is preventable by proper oral hygiene – it happens when bacteria (plaque) is not removed by daily brushing and flossing and hardens into calculus/tartar that can only be removed with special tools by a dentist.