If you have teeth that are too widely spaced, or too crowded, or misaligned, and think you need braces, you may already know that there are two basic types of braces — those that are attached and those that are removeable – and that there are different types of materials used in braces: metal, ceramic, tooth-colored, and clear plastic.
You might be surprised to know that this is not just a cosmetic issue, but it has the potential to be a serious issue with your health. When teeth are crowded or too widely spaced, swollen and red gums can result, a symptom of periodontal disease. Teeth need to be properly aligned to help the gums fit more securely around the teeth. This facilitates a strong and healthy defense against potential periodontal problems such as tooth decay and gum disease that are caused by bacteria, and can result in mouth sores, tender or bleeding gums, bad breath, and possible tooth loss if left untreated.